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What factors can aggravate atopic dermatitis?

Medical Author: Gary W. Cole, MD, FAAD // Medical Editor: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR [email protected]

The most common form of eczema, atopic dermatitis, begins in childhood, often disappears during adolescence, and then may reappear later in life. These are the most common types of eczema: Atopic dermatitis can occur at any age but is most often seen in children.

What factors can aggravate atopic dermatitis?

There are many factors that can aggravate atopic dermatitis, but some of the most common include dry skin, irritants, stress, and changes in temperature or humidity. These factors may further trigger the itch-scratch cycle, further stimulating the many times already overactive immune system in the skin. Repeated aggravation and activation of the itch-scratch cycle may cause further skin damage and barrier breakdown. These exacerbating elements can be broken down into two main categories: irritants and allergens. Emotional factors and some infections can also influence atopic dermatitis.

What are skin irritants in patients with atopic dermatitis?

There are many skin irritants that can trigger atopic dermatitis flares. These include:

  • Soaps
  • Detergents
  • Rug and upholstery cleaners
  • Bleach and fabric softeners
  • Pet dander
  • Dust
  • Dust mites
  • Pollen
  • Mold 
  • Cigarette smoke
  • Fragrances 
  • Wool or other rough fabrics 
  • Chlorinated water
  • Extreme temperatures

References:

  • https://newshealth.net/what-is-atopic-dermatitis-and-why-my-child-have-it-1/
  • https://www.everydayhealth.com/eczema/complications/

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